Any shampoo will clean the hair, but a shampoo specially formulated for your hair type will result in shinier, easy to manage hair.

Good shampoos contain extra proteins and oils to keep the balance between cleansing and manageability. Bad ones don’t. Use a gentle shampoo and stay away from those that foam excessively. It means they contain excess detergent which can be harsh on your hair.

Here’s how to shampoo your hair the expert way:

Start by brushing your hair first, to loosen any scalp grime and dead hair.

Wet your hair well and pour a small amount of shampoo into the palm of your hand (dilute the shampoo with a little warm water if it is too thick and rich). Rub shampoo over your hair and with your fingertips gently massage the nape of your neck, up the back of the head to the crown.

Massage from the top of your head to the hairline and the sides of your face. Keep your fingers apart and allow each one to work its own tiny circular massage pattern on the scalp. This stimulates the scalp and the blood circulation and is relaxing.

When you wash your hair, you’re really washing the scalp, and the hair cleans itself. Use the balls of your fingertips – not the nails. And only wash daily if you use a low detergent shampoo.

Rinse your hair well after the shampoo. For 3 – 4 minutes allow water to run through your hair, using first warm then cool water. Squeeze out excess water and towel hair dry if you have time or simply blot with a towel (don’t wring or rub wet hair).

Put a little conditioner into the palm of your hand and work this into your scalp, down to the ends of the hair. There are different recommended times for leaving conditioner on, depending on the type you use, but most are absorbed in minutes.

Follow directions on your pack or bottle of conditioner, and finish off with a rinse. This final rinse is the most important part of washing your hair. If any residue is left on hair, it will not shine.

After running clear water through your hair, squeeze out excess water and dry.

Shampoo for Different Hair Types

Oily Hair: Choose a shampoo suitable for your type of hair, preferably a lemon based one. Wash your hair every two days and always give it two shampoos each time – one to get out the grease, the second to thoroughly cleanse scalp and the hair.

Follow this with a special conditioner for oily hair. Comb it through wet hair using gentle movements and a wide-toothed comb. Concentrate your conditioner on hair rather than scalp as the ends of the hair tend to be dry even though the scalp may be greasy.

Dry Hair: Choose a shampoo for dry or damaged hair and use it once a week. Follow this with a conditioner (also meant for dry hair) and leave your conditioner on for at least 5 minutes. Wrap your head in a hot towel if you want the conditioner to penetrate even further during that time. Once a month give your hair a treat: a rich deep-conditioning treatment which should be left on the hair for anything from 10 – 20 minutes. Keep hair wrapped in a hot towel during this time.

Normal Hair: Wash it as often as you want to but be careful you do not dry it out in the process. You can avoid turning normal hair into dry hair by using a conditioner after each wash. Every four weeks give your hair a treat – a deep-conditioner to keep it silky smooth, which should be left on the hair for anything from 10 – 20 minutes. Keep hair wrapped in a hot towel during this time.

Your conditioner

Conditioners work on the principle of coating each hair with protein and a protective film. They replace moisture lost in shampooing and they make hair easier to comb because they smooth and separate each hair. You will find your hair is less flyaway and friction is also reduced. Hair will also be softer.

There are three types of conditioners: those that are mixed in with your shampoo (this is stated on the pack or bottle label); those that come in the form of a creme rinse for use just before your final rinse in clear water; and those that are brushed into your hair after it has been dried.

All three types contain nutrients for hair and act by smoothing down the tiny scales that form the outer layer of each hair. That’s why you can only do your hair good if you use a conditioner.